2008-07-18 03:28:13 GMT 2008-07-18 11:28:13 (Beijing Time) China Daily
The role of deputies to Party congresses, which previously confined them to voting on decision-making only once every five years, will be expanded under a new regulation released by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The regulation, known as The Provisional Statute on the Tenure for Deputies to National and Local Congresses of the Communist Party of China, took effect on Wednesday,
It is the first Party regulation that sets out in detail the roles of deputies to Party congresses, the supreme Party leading body at different levels, and supervision and political participation during intervals of the congresses. The concept was written into the new Party Constitution revised during last year's 17th CPC National Congress.
Previously, deputies performed duties by voting only on major decision-making issues and leadership reshuffles.
With the aim of "promoting inner-Party democracy" and "enhancing leadership competence", the regulation gives deputies the right to supervise activities of Party committees at the same levels, and express opinions and proposals during intervals of the congresses.
The deputies can be invited to observe meetings of Party committees and discipline inspection commissions, while the Party committees should try to seek opinions and proposals from the deputies.
The new regulation also stipulates that Party committees are obliged to provide necessary funds to the deputies to help them carry out their duties.
It urges Party committees at different levels to protect the rights of deputies, and those who try to prevent the deputies from carrying out their duties could be disciplined.
The regulation is the latest step by the Party leadership to develop internal democracy as part of its efforts to promote democracy for the whole nation, analysts have said.
"The new regulation guarantees deputies can supervise Party committees and cadres, which are rights defined in the Party Constitution," Wang Yukai, an expert with National School of Administration, said.
"It also provides a fixed channel for deputies to voice the concerns of grassroots Party members," Wang said.
But Wang Guixiu, an expert with the Party School of the CPC Central Committee, said some permanent organs should be set up to act as platforms to coordinate the work of deputies scattered in various areas.
In Taizhou, Zhejiang province, a city which has piloted such a regulation for years, requires its deputies to enable better communication and power implementation, Wang said.
Xinhua contributed to the story