BEIJING, Feb. 26 (Xinhua) -- China's top legislature passed the National Defense Mobilization Law on Friday after three readings, setting down rules on how and when the military should be mobilized in times of war or emergency.
The Law was approved at the National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee's three-day bimonthly session which ended Friday. President Hu Jintao signed a decree to publish the Law, which will take effect on July 1.
The 72-provision law sets out principles and organizational mechanisms for national defense mobilization, personnel and strategic material storage, and the prevention and relief of war-related disasters.
According to the Law, the NPC Standing Committee will declare national or regional mobilization in line with the Constitution and laws "if state sovereignty, unification, territorial integrity or security is threatened."
The president will issue a mobilization order based on the decision of the NPC Standing Committee, the Law stipulates.
The mobilization work will be jointly led by the State Council and the Central Military Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), according to the Law.
The country should ensure storage of military articles including facilities, materials and special production devices designed for military use according to the demand of military orders and equipment in wartime, it said.
Male citizens aged between 18 and 60 and females aged between 18 and 55 should provide service for national defense, including giving support to military operations during wartime, engaging in prevention against war-related disasters as well as related relief tasks, and helping to maintain social order, it stipulates.
Drafting of the Law started in September 2000.