ISTANBUL - Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's four-nation Eurasian tour has scored marked achievements and further deepened China-Europe cooperation, said Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi, who described the visit as "a great complete success."
Wen paid official visits to Greece, Belgium, Italy and Turkey and attended the 8th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) and the 13th China-EU summit in the eight days from October 2-9.
Yang said Premier Wen's visit is aimed at boosting mutual trust through dialogues and promoting common development through cooperation.
During his eight-day visit, Wen took part in more than 70 meetings, events and activities and paid a brief visit to Berlin as a guest of German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the midst of his stay in Brussels.
In addition to talking with leaders of the four countries and the European Union (EU), Wen also met with people from the local cultural, industrial and business circles and held joint press conferences or issued joint statements together with the leaders of the countries.
Premier Wen vividly presented China's policies and positions, trying different angles, Yang said, which had further improved bilateral relations between China and the four countries and deepened China-Europe ties in the new historic period.
Enhance Mutual trust, China-EU relations
It is the key point of Wen's Eurasian visit to promote the development of China-EU relations, Yang said.
China and Greece have cherished long-standing friendly relations and witnessed sustainable development of all-round strategic partnership. During Wen's visit to Greece, the two countries issued the China-Greece Joint Declaration on Further Deepen Allround Strategic Partnership.
Greece suffered debt crisis before long. Wen announced China's decision to continue to hold and buy Greek bonds. He also voiced hopes for the two countries to double bilateral trade to 8 billion U.S. dollars in five years.
In his speech at the Greek parliament, Wen said China would further expand China-Europe trade, especially in the sectors of shipping, economy and trade, construction and investment.
In the heart of Europe, Belgium houses the EU headquarters. The past few years have witnessed frequent visits by top leaders of China and Belgium as well as extensive expansion of cooperation in various sectors. During his visit to Belgium, Wen met with King Albert II and held talks with Prime Minister Yves Leterme. Both sides agreed to maintain sound channels on major issues within a multilateral mechanism and further develop bilateral trade. The two countries also signed documents on cooperation in nuclear energy, telecommunications, and quality control.
China and Italy established diplomatic relations 40 years ago and all-round strategic partnership six years ago. During Wen's visit to Italy, Wen and his Italian counterpart Silvio Berlusconi met with business people of the two countries and signed 17 agreements and documents on cooperation in justice, culture, science and technology, and environmental protection.
The two sides also issued a China-Italy Three-Year Action Plan on Strengthening Economic Cooperation, a document that further defined the key sectors of bilateral cooperation in the coming three years.
Wen and Berlusconi also attended the China Year of Culture activities to mark the 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties.
Wen paid a brief visit to Berlin as a guest of German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the midst of his stay in Brussels. They exchanged views on how to further develop China-EU and China-Germany relations.
Merkel said Germany would continue to give support for EU to recognize the market economy status of China as soon as possible. The two sides also reiterated the importance of promoting stable recovery and sustainable development of world economy, working together to fight the global financial crisis and adhering to the principle of common but differentiated responsibility in dealing with climate change.
Steadily strengthening China-EU relations is an important part of China's foreign relations.
Attaching great importance to the strategic significance of EU-China relations in the future world, the EU hoped to strengthen relations with China and to work out a strategic plan on the arrangement of more meetings between the leaders of EU and China.
During his visit, Premier Wen had the first meeting between China and EU leaders since the Lisbon Treaty came into effect. It will play a guiding role in the planning of future China-EU relations.
In talks with EU leaders, Wen fully affirmed the achievements in Sino-EU relations.
Addressing doubts and some distorted comments in the international community and inside EU about China's development, Wen used detailed facts and figures to convincingly presented China's great contribution to the stable recovery and growth of the global economy through its own development. He also elaborated China's position on issues such as exchange rate, investment environment and the export of raw materials.
Wen reiterated China's adherence to the reform and opening-up policy and emphasized that the EU and China should take care of each other's core interests and deepen cooperation in all-fields, sending a strong signal on pushing ahead the development of the bilateral relations as well as the importance of the meeting mechanism of leaders from the two sides.
Promote Eurasia cooperation, common development
The Asia-Europe Meeting, or ASEM, has always been an important communication platform for the two continents.
At the meeting, Premier Wen exchanged views and reached consensus on issues like global economic governance, sustainable development, international and regional issues and the cooperation process between Asia and Europe, Yang said.
The latest ASEM was held amid a slow global economic recovery with a theme of "Quality of Life: How to Ensure Greater Prosperity and More Dignity for All Citizens." Russia, Australia and New Zealand were received as new members at the meeting, bringing the number of its members to 48.
The meeting passed "the Chair's Statement of the Eighth Asia-Europe Meeting" and the "Brussels Declaration on More Effective Global Economic Governance," which express the will of the two continents to develop together and show mutual concern like the ones in the same boat.
While addressing the eighth ASEM, Wen called the two continents to work together for the balanced and sustainable recovery of the world economy, push forward global economic governance and international financial system reform. He also called on the two continents to stick to the path of sustainable development and promote green growth.
During the meeting, Premier Wen met with world leaders including French President Nicolas Sarkozy and South Korean President Lee Myung-bak.
While meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan, Wen reiterated that the Diaoyu Islands are an inherent part of the Chinese territory, and pointed out that maintaining and promoting the bilateral strategic mutual beneficial relationship is in the fundamental interests of the two peoples.
All these efforts effectively boosted the development of relations between China and the foreign countries.
Establish China-Turkey strategic relationship of cooperation
Yang said Premier Wen's visit to Turkey is of great significance to the bilateral relations that have had a tradition of friendly ties. Turkey attached great importance to and had been looking forward to the landmark visit, which further consolidated the bilateral cooperation and turned a new chapter in the bilateral relations.
Premier Wen and Turkish leaders held in-depth talks and reached wide consensus. The two sides agreed to establish a strategic relationship of cooperation and issued a joint declaration, further upgrading the level of friendly cooperation in all fields and establishing a new milestone in the bilateral relations.
Premier Wen's visit had a number of achievements, Yang said.
The two sides agreed to further boost their cooperation in fighting the forces of terrorism, separatism and extremism and work together to safeguard their integrity of territory and sovereignty.
The premier's visit further boosted bilateral cooperation as the two sides signed eight documents covering economy and trade, railway, power station, telecommunications and infrastructural construction. China encourages Chinese enterprises to increase investment in Turkey, make efforts to link the railway systems of the two countries, boost cooperation with Turkish side in finance, and promote bilateral trade with a view to sustainable and balanced growth.
The two sides also agreed to further promote cultural exchanges. Premier Wen elaborated on China's policy of respecting cultural diversity while meeting representatives from Turkey's cultural and industrial and business circles. He also told the Turkish side that China would encourage Chinese tourists to travel to Turkey.
The two sides also agreed to enhance coordination and cooperation in international affairs to promote peace, stability and prosperity, and promote bilateral cooperation.
Premier Wen's successful four-nation visit is an important diplomatic tour to help boost mutual trust and do away with misunderstandings at a time of new international situations, and it will have significant influence on relations between China and the EU, China and Turkey, and China and Eurasian countries, Yang said.