By Ma Qian, Sina English
The Central Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China (CPC) recently published a book to offer a guideline for major public issues in China.
According to the statistics disclosed in the book, from 2005 to 2010, urban residents' income has gone up dramatically, 2.33 to 2.41 times higher than the rural dwellers. Also, the average income of working people in urban areas has surged from 7.8 to 11.9 times, compared with that in rural areas. The nation's income gap has kept widening, and the trend is hard to reverse.
Some experts claim the problem is a by-product of national development during a certain period of time. It also resulted from the loopholes of our economic system. Li Peilin, head of the Sociology Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Science (CASS), pointed out in the book the current income gap is rooted in inequity, rather than in inequality.
As for a possible solution, he said that it seems unavoidable to deal with the existing interest pattern and affect the vested interest groups.
Lu Xueyi, honorary chairman of Chinese Sociological Association, indicates in the book the middle-income group can be relatively sensible consumers in various fields. The large the group is, the more stable our country would be. In order to enlarge the group, workers are encouraged to sharpen their professional skills and start their own businesses, while the government should improve social security and raise property income.
In its twelfth Five-year Plan, the central government has expressed requirements to reform and improve income distribution system and make rational adjustments accordingly. An overall reform plan has also been drawn up to streamline the country’s income distribution in this year's government report.