The oldest survivor of the 1937 Nanjing Massacre died on February 10, Xinhua News Agency reported on Friday.
Wu Xiulan, 97, was injured by shell fragments in both of her legs during the Japanese army's aggression against Nanjing on August 26, 1937. Two of Wu's daughters were killed in explosion, though she survived with her left leg sawn off.
In recent years, Wu insisted on attending memorial activities related to the Nanjing Massacre and called upon the people to remember history and cherish peace.
Zhu Chengshan, director of the Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre by Japanese invaders, said that the survivors of the slaughter are vital witnesses to that period of history. Their oral testimony is the best evidence to hit back at the Japanese right wing's denial of the aggression and its horrors.
"But the aging survivors are passing away one after another. At present, there are only about 300 survivors," Zhu added.
The Nanjing Massacre is known as the "Six weeks of terror by Japanese troops" which had occupied Nanjing, the then capital of China, on December 13, 1937. Chinese records show that more than 300,000 people -- not only disarmed soldiers but also innocent civilians -- were slaughtered by the invading forces.