Officials demoted for not properly reporting assets
China has further strengthened asset declaration regulations on government officials, demanding they disclose their families' overseas assets to the Party.
The General Office of the State Council and the General Office of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee have amended regulations on officials' personal information declarations and provided penalties for violations, the State Council said Wednesday on its website.
The revised regulations state that officials from deputy county level up are required to report information, including their marital status, overseas travel, criminal records, wages and other earnings, real estate holdings, stocks, funds, insurance and other investments.
The new version states that Chinese officials must now inform the Party if their spouse or children have been continuously working outside the Chinese mainland for more than a year.
Officials are now required to declare their own overseas bank accounts or investments as well as those of their spouse and children. They also have to declare the occupation of their daughters- or sons-in-law, especially if they are running their own businesses.
The new regulations expand coverage to leading members in government-funded groups and public institutions, as well as middle and senior managers of State-owned enterprises.
It also clarifies the penalties for violators.
According to the regulations, officials demoted for failing to truthfully report their personal property and wealth will be held back from promotion for two years.
It also said that it would be a serious violation if officials declare that the value of their investment is 300,000 yuan ($44,000) less than the actual value, or property 50 square meters less than the actual size.
Zhuang Deshui, a professor from Peking University, said that the penalties strengthen the regulations.
"It provides a legal basis for the regulations, which will deter officials and assure its strict implementation," Zhuang added.
"Many officials still violate the regulations due to a weak penalty system. They do not think their careers will be damaged over violations," Zhuang said.
Besides personal property and wealth, China has also enhanced the reporting system, as the Supreme People's Procuratorate has encouraged people to anonymously report officials up to members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, the highest level of officials in China's cadre system, the Beijing Youth Daily reported.
Since 2010, officials at deputy county level or higher have been required to report their personal information across 14 categories, including marital status, trips, income, property, investments and employment status of their spouse and children.
"Including officials' families in the reporting system is meant to have comprehensive supervision over their wealth," Zhu Lijia, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Governance, told the Global Times.
More than 9,100 officials have been bypassed for promotion after they were found to have concealed personal information, while 124,800 were punished for making false declarations, the Xinhua News Agency reported.
"The new regulations are more detailed after drawing on anti-corruption experience since the 18th CPC National Congress in 2012," Zhu pointed out, adding that refinements to the regulations will help guarantee their proper implementation.
Zhu cited a pilot project in Shanghai which started in May 2015 that bans spouses and children of municipality-level officials from engaging in business.
Beijing, Chongqing, South China's Guangdong Province and Northwest China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region were included in the project in April 2016.
"With help from big data and the Internet, it is possible to realize comprehensive and real-time supervision over officials' wealth," Zhu said.