A glacier is a mass of ice that moves over land all year round. It is usually found in the polar regions and mountains. Glacier ice is the largest reserve of fresh water.
China's glaciers are mainly located in the west and north, with a total area of 59,406 square kilometers and an ice reserve of 5,590 cubic kilometers. Most of them are in the Tibet Autonomous Region, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Qinghai provinces. They lie in the Himalayan Range, Hengduan Mountains, Kunlun Mountains and Qilian Mountains. The glaciers in these mountains have become the origins of many rivers, including the Yangtze River and Yellow River as the glaciers are melting.
The following are six beautiful glaciers for visitors to see in China:
1. Rongbuk Glacier in Tibet
Rongbuk Glacier in the Himalayan Range in southern Tibet is 26 kilometers long and 120 meters thick on average. Two large tributary glaciers – the East and West Rongbuk Glaciers flow into the main glacier. As the Rongbuk Glacier moves north, Rongbuk Valley is formed.
2. Tuomuer Glacier in Xinjiang
Tuomuer Peak has a height of 7,435.29 meters above sea level, making it China's largest modern glacier. There are 510 glaciers in the area and rare animals, including snow leopards, wild camels, snow pheasants and Mongolian wild donkeys.
3. Hailuogou Glacier in Sichuan
Hailuogou Glacier is in Mt. Gongga, Sichuan Province. With a height of 2,850 meters above sea level, it is the lowest glacier among the glaciers of the same latitude on Earth. In the area, is China's largest icefall with a height of 1,080 meters and width of 500 to 1,000 meters.
4. Midui Glacier in Tibet
Midui Glacier is located in Bomi county in Tibet. Its main peak, the snow line and the lowest point are 6,800 meters, 4,600 meters and 2,400 meters respectively above sea level, making it the lowest glacier in the world.
5. Telamukanli Glacier in Xinjiang
Telamukanli Glacier is over 28 kilometers long with an area of 124.53 square kilometers and its snow line is 5,390 meters above sea level. It is famous for its forests that look like pagoda-shaped ice. At the foot of the glacier, there are usually lakes.
6. Touming Mengke Glacier in Gansu
Touming Mengke Glacier is the largest valley glacier in northwest China. Its highest peak is 5,483 meters above sea level, the lowest is 4,260 meters. Glacial landforms such as ice holes, cliffs, falls and cracks can be found in the glacier.