Sun, October 03, 2010
Sci-Tech > Technology

Interview: OECD views China's S&T development as positive

2010-10-02 21:59:03 GMT2010-10-03 05:59:03 (Beijing Time)  Xinhua English

by Zhang Xin

PARIS, Oct. 2 (Xinhua) -- Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) experts say China's fast development in science and technology in recent decades is a contribution to the world.

Andrew Wycoff, the Director for OECD Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate told Xinhua, "China is coming, this is a very good thing," adding this was his response when he heard others fear China's fast growth.

According to Wycoff, the global innovation landscape has changed since two decades ago and now needs more openness and collaboration at the international level. Consequently, China's stunning growth is nothing but a natural process.

Regarding the global innovation network, "newly emerging economies like China, India, Brazil as well as some smaller economies like Estonia are now playing a larger role," he said.

"The Chinese innovation system still lacks strong linkages between its elements, which exist in the United States and some other countries," Wycoff said. He also suggested China do more "complementary investment."

Head of the Country Review Unit at OECD Science Directorate, Jean Guinet said, "Chinese firms are becoming major actors in some sectors, this is a very welcome effort for the world."

OECD figures show China's research and development (R&D) spending has increased at an annual rate of 19 percent since 1995 and reached 30 billion U.S. dollars in 2005, making it the sixth largest worldwide.

"We are sure that more and more Chinese brains are better trained and well-selected," Guinet said.

"Scale and openness are China's advantages in view of the global add-value chain and China is at mid-sized scale, which is similar to Germany in terms of output and S&T resources," Guinet said.

China has ranked the second in the world behind the U.S. since 2000 in the total number of researchers, but its share in global scientific publications rose only to 6.5 percent in 2004.

Guinet said China's efforts to get more share at the global value-add chain should be objectively assessed from two aspects. "On one hand, in terms of innovation clusters and human resources, China has reached an advanced level, on the other hand, there are still many challenges remaining like its large population. So both are partial views, but both tell something true," he said.

"China has solved many problems in the global community by making significant contributions to scientific and technology innovations which are so much in demand," Guinet said.

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