Thu, August 25, 2011
Technology > Technology

Backgrounder: Steve Jobs, tech industry's first rock star

2011-08-25 02:33:24 GMT2011-08-25 10:33:24(Beijing Time)  Xinhua English

Apple COO Tim Cook (L) and CEO Steve Jobs remove their microphones after a news conference at Apple headquarters in Cupertino, California, July 16, 2010.(Xinhua/Reuters Photo)

SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 24 (Xinhua) -- Silicon Valley legend Steve Jobs on Wednesday announced to resign as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Apple, ending his 14-year reign at the technology giant.

In a career that spans four decades, Jobs has revolutionized computers, animated movies and the music industry, turning his personality into a business philosophy which is praised and worshiped by fans, entrepreneurs and political figures around the world.

In the late 1970s, with other co-founders, Jobs designed, developed and marketed Apple II series, one of the first commercially successful lines of personal computers.

After losing a power struggle with the board of directors in 1984, Jobs resigned from Apple and founded computer platform development company NeXT. In 1996, Apple's acquisition of NeXT brought Jobs back to the company which was then close to bankruptcy. He has been serving as Apple CEO since 1997.

Under the leadership of Jobs, Apple has written one of the greatest corporate comeback stories of all time. The company returned to glory and withstood the Internet bubble at the beginning of the century as well as the financial meltdown in recent years with its extremely popular consumer electronic products like iPod, iPhone and iPad by emphasizing design and aesthetics play.

Earlier this month, In August, Apple temporarily surpassed Exxon Mobil to become the world's most valuable company.

Jobs is also CEO of Pixar Animation Studios, which was acquired by The Walt Disney company in 2006. The deal made Jobs the largest individual shareholder of Disney and also a member of its Board of Directors.

Being the showman of Apple's significant product events, Jobs has been known for his trademark black long-sleeve turtleneck by St. Croix, Levi' s 501 blue jeans and New Balance 991 sneakers.

In 2009, Jobs was named the CEO of the decade by Fortune Magazine. In 2010, the Financial Times named him the person of the year for 2010, saying he was the tech industry's first rock star.

Jobs, 56, disclosed in August 2004 that he had been treated for a rare form of pancreatic cancer, saying the tumor was diagnosed in time and he had undergone surgery to remove it.

In the following years, the thin, almost gaunt appearance of Jobs constantly inspired speculations about his health.

In early January 2009, Jobs said his apparent weight loss is caused by a treatable hormone imbalance. But about a week later, he admitted that the issue was more complex than he had thought and then took a medical leave for nearly six months.

In June 2009, Methodist University Hospital Transplant Institute in the U.S. state of Tennessee confirmed that Jobs received a liver transplant at the institute.

In January this year, Jobs announced that he is taking another medical leave, without disclosing in detail about his health conditions.



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