DUSHANBE, Aug. 28 (Xinhua) -- The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), at the conclusion of a summit in the Tajik capital of Dushanbe Thursday, issued a joint communiquｅ on international affairs and the regional situation.
The SCO, an inter-governmental organization founded in Shanghai in 2001, groups China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
During the one-day summit, the heads of state of the six member nations exchanged views on international and regional affairs.
Representatives from the bloc's observers, namely Iran, India, Mongolia and Pakistan, and international organizations also attended the meeting.
In the joint communiquｅ, the heads of state stressed that the Treaty on Long-term Good-neighborly Relations, Friendship and Cooperation among the SCO members, signed in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek last year, is of great significance in strengthening cooperation in coping with new challenges and threats, cementing world peace and security, and safeguarding global and regional stability.
The fulfillment of the treaty will help improve the socioeconomic situation and deepen the regional integration within the organization, said the communiquｅ.
The heads of state pointed out that the regional anti-terrorism agency, as an effective mechanism coordinating cooperation among authorities of the SCO members and providing guarantees for information analysis, is more and more active in carrying out its tasks.
They praised the smooth implementation of a three-year cooperation outline on the fight against terrorism, separatism and extremism.
SCO members' joint military exercises, such as the anti-terror drill code-named "Peace Mission-2007" in Russia, have helped improve the organization's anti-terror capabilities and will continue to be conducted.
The member nations will soon discuss the possibility of a meeting of public security and interior ministers at the beginning of next year.
The heads of state also expressed concern over the possibility that modern technologies on the information telecommunication may be used to sabotage international stability and security and cause threats.
A team of experts on international information security have achieved fruitful results in implementing an SCO action plan passed last year.
It is necessary to work out an inter-governmental accord on the international information security within the organization, so as to establish a legal basis for SCO members' cooperation in this field.
On the fight against drug trafficking, the heads of state called on SCO members to fulfill an agreement on their cooperation in this area.
They ordered chiefs of SCO members' anti-drug agencies to hold a special meeting in the first half of next year, so as to discuss the establishment of an anti-drug mechanism within the organization and work out a strategy and plans on combating the trafficking of drugs from Afghanistan.
On SCO members' cooperation in this field, the heads of state emphasized the role of a liaison group between the organization and Afghanistan.
The SCO members signed treaties on the holding of the anti-terrorism drill, the crackdown on illegal trafficking of arms, ammunition and explosives. They also signed a memorandum on the partnership between SCO Bank Syndicate and European and Asian Development Bank.
On the promotion of international exchanges, the leaders agreed to boost SCO's cooperation with observers -- India, Iran, Mongolia and Pakistan -- by taking their interests into considerations.
The SCO leaders also approved the SCO Dialogue Partnership Protocol, creating the basis for mutually-beneficial cooperation with other countries and international organizations.
The leaders also decided to set up a special expert team to consider the issues related to the expansion of the organization.
According to the leaders, trade and economic cooperation, including facilitation of investment, transportation, modern telecommunication, maintained good momentum of development.
They stressed the need to accelerate facilitation of the investment environment and encourage enterprises to carry out macro-joint economic projects by making greater use of the potential of its Entrepreneurs' Committee and the Bank Syndicate. They also emphasized the importance of cooperation in the field of customs in order to promote the development of pragmatic partnership within the framework of the organization.
The leaders are satisfied with the initiation of agricultural dialogue within the bloc. They stressed that cooperation in the field of people-to-people exchange is key to consolidating and expanding the good-neighborly relations and mutual understanding among the peoples of SCO members and is of great significance. They are willing to promote exchanges between legislative departments of the SCO members.
The leaders said that the cooperation on public health within the framework of the organization, including the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, is of key importance to the sustainable development of the regional economy and welfare of its people.
They agreed to further cooperation in education, science and technology as well as cultural exchanges and exchanges between youth, in order to promote mutual understanding and friendship among peoples of SCO member countries.
The leaders said ecological cooperation is developing smoothly and it is important to formulate a cooperation plan in this regard. They are also satisfied with the cooperation among emergency disaster-relief departments and consider it necessary to set up a disaster-relief center within the bloc.
The next SCO summit will be held in Yekaterinburg in 2009 with Russia as the chair country.