A quarter million people were homeless and 477 confirmed dead after the Philippines' worst typhoon this year, officials said on Thursday.
Typhoon Bopha ploughed across Mindanao Island on Tuesday, flattening whole towns in its path as hurricane-force winds brought torrential rain that triggered a deadly combination of floods and landslides.
Erinea Cantilla and her family of six walked barefoot for two days in a vain search for food and shelter through a muddy wasteland near the mountainous town of New Bataan after the deluge destroyed their house and banana and cocoa farm.
"Everything we had is gone. The only ones left are dead people," Cantilla said as she and her husband, three children and a granddaughter reached the outskirts of the town, which itself had been nearly totally obliterated.
Rescuers said they were looking for 380 missing while seeking help for more than 250,000 others who were sheltered in schools, gyms and other buildings after losing everything.
Of the dead, 258 were found on the east coast of Mindanao while 191 were recovered in and around New Bataan and Monkayo, said Major-General Ariel Bernardo, head of an army division involved in the search.
The civil defense office in Manila said 19 people were killed elsewhere in Mindanao along with nine in the central Visayan Islands.
Bernardo said his troops had rescued 36 survivors in two days, but that the prospects were looking dimmer for the hundreds still missing.
"I do not think it likely," he said when asked if he thought most of the missing were still alive.
Shell-shocked survivors scrabbled through the rubble of their homes to find anything that could be recovered, as relatives searched for missing family members among mud-caked bodies laid out in rows on tarpaulins.
One man was rescued after being trapped for two days under rocks and debris after flash floods swept away his entire family.
"It's a miracle that I survived, but I might as well be dead," said Carlos Agang, 54, who suffered a broken right leg.
President Benigno Aquino has sent food and other supplies by ship to 150,000 people on Mindanao's east coast where three towns remain cut off by landslides and wrecked bridges, Interior Secretary Mar Roxas said.