The 12th Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) leadership summit is scheduled to be held in Beijing on 6-7 June 2012. This annual summit brings together the Council of Heads of States of the SCO members to discuss various issues of mutual strategic interest. The summit is being held in Beijing, where the SCO Secretariat is headquartered.

President Hu Jintao has stated that “the Beijing summit…is an important meeting in terms of inheriting past traditions and breaking new ground”. While China would like to ensure that the summit is a success, to what extent it will endorse those “past traditions” and welcome “new ground” needs to be seen.

As it is, the SCO is entering the second decade of its existence after its formation on 15 June 2001 and a leadership change will take place in Beijing in 2012-13.

Poll: Multiple Choices

The Beijing summit provides a fresh occasion for:
Facilitating the common security interests in checking the “three evils” of terrorism, separatism and extremism
Serving political, economic and security interests of all SCO members
Broadening energy cooperation between countries and regions
Enhancing security cooperation through various military joint exercises and counterterrorism drills and actions
Building strong counterweight to NATO
Seeking chances to cooperate with other international bodies
Seeking possibilities to elevate international influence and strength
All of the above

SCO in brief

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an inter-governmental organization founded in Shanghai on June 15, 2001, by China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Its member states combine to cover an area of more than 30 million square km with a combined population of 1.46 billion. The SCO working languages are Chinese and Russian. [More]

SCO Logo
SCO Logo

The SCO emblem is a round symbol composed mainly of a map of the six member states, with olive branches and two ribbons encircling it from both left and right. It symbolizes the impetus the member states give to regional and world peace and development, and implies the magnitude of its cooperation scope and growth potentials.

The upper and lower parts of the emblem are marked "Shanghai Cooperation Organization" in Chinese and Russian respectively. The green and blue colors are chosen to embody its purposes of peace, friendship, progress and development.