White paper: China sets up drug-abuse monitoring network

2008-07-18 02:41:17 GMT       2008-07-18 10:41:17 (Beijing Time)       Xinhua English

BEIJING, July 18 (Xinhua) -- China has set up and improved a drug-abuse monitoring network to examine the details and trends of drug abuse, said a white paper published by the Information Office of the State Council on Friday.

The Chinese government has always attached importance to the regulation of controlled medicines, such as narcotics and psychotropic substances, as well as precursor chemicals and stimulants, to prevent them from flowing into illicit channels, states the white paper.

As signatory to the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, U.N. Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, and International Convention Against Doping in Sport, China has formulated laws and regulations concerning narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances, precursor chemicals and stimulants, made a list of controlled medicines and further revised its contents, established a comprehensive supervision system in which related departments coordinate their efforts, and actively tighten control over controlled medicines, says the paper.

Over many years, China has regulated the production and circulation of narcotics, psychotropic substances and precursor chemicals and established a monitoring network to achieve proper supervision over the whereabouts and quantities of controlled medicines, says the paper.

In response to cases in recent years involving the traffic of caffeine, manufacturing of crystal methamphetamine (known as "ice") and ketamine abuse, China has organized specific inspections regarding caffeine markets, strengthened the supervision of ephedrine (the substance used to produce "ice"), and adjusted the list of narcotics and psychotropic substances by putting more relevant substances under controlled medicines list, it says.

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