BEIJING, Dec. 19 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's visits to India and Pakistan from Dec. 15 to Dec. 19 are fruitful and successful with rich achievements, Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi said on Sunday.
Yang, who accompanied Wen on his visits, told reporters that Wen's visits are a major diplomatic move of China bearing a far-reaching strategic significance.
Both India and Pakistan are important countries in South Asia, Yang said, adding the development of China's relations with the two countries would have an important influence on peace and prosperity not only in South Asia, but also in Asia and the world at large.
To develop friendship and good relations with India and Pakistan and promote mutual trust and cooperation is the common aspiration of China and its neighbors, Yang said.
Yang said Premier Wen participated in more than 30 major activities and delivered important speeches during his visits to the two countries, which have yielded fruitful results.
During the visits, China signed separately with India and Pakistan a string of cooperation documents and commercial contracts worth more than 10 billion U.S. dollars.
Wen also held talks with Indian and Pakistani leaders to promote bilateral cooperation.
Yang said Wen's visits have enhanced the two-way strategic partnerships with India and Pakistan, which presented China as a responsible country committed to good-neighborliness, unity and cooperation with its neighbors.
ENHANCING POLITICAL TRUST, COOPERATION WITH INDIA
Yang said both China and India are each other's important neighbors. The two are emerging developing countries with ancient civilizations.
The past 60 years since China and India established diplomatic relations have witnessed both progress and setbacks in the development of bilateral relations, but friendship and cooperation are always the mainstream of their ties, Yang said.
At present, the Chinese-Indian relations have maintained a good momentum of overall development. The two sides have established a strategic and cooperative partnership for peace and prosperity and bilateral cooperation in various fields has been expanded, Yang said.
During the visit to India, Wen held talks with his Indian counterpart Manmohan Singh and met with Indian President Pratibha Patil, as well as leaders of major parties.
Both sides have exchanged views on bilateral relations and major regional and world issues. Wen also delivered a speech at the Indian Council of World Affairs.
During his meetings and in his speech, Wen elaborated on China's policies and stance on the China-India relations, recalled friendly exchanges between China and India, spoke highly of the sound development of the China-India relations and cooperation in various fields in recent years. He also defined the orientation of the development of bilateral relations.
Wen reaffirmed that there is enough space in the world for China and India to develop jointly and cooperate with each other.
Wen said China and India have similar national background and have experienced similar sufferings. Both countries are facing the same challenges and in the same critical period of development.
China and India should enhance political and strategic trust, expand cooperation in all fields and strengthen coordination on regional and international issues with a view to promoting the development of the China-India relations on the basis of mutual benefit and cooperation to seek common development, Wen said.
Wen noted that China and India should always be partners and friends, not rivals, hoping this can be a firm faith of both sides.
Meanwhile, Indian leaders much appreciated Wen's comments and stance on the China-India relations, saying that India attached great importance to the development of the India-China relations, cherished the friendship between the two countries and was willing to work together with China to further deepen and enrich the India-China strategic and cooperative partnership for peace and prosperity.
The two sides issued a joint communique, announcing the establishment of a mechanism for regular exchanges of visits between heads of state/government, opening a telephone hotline between Chinese premier and Indian prime minister, and a mechanism for annual exchanges of visits between foreign ministers.
Both sides also agreed to seek fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solutions to the border issues through negotiations.
Both sides should work jointly to maintain peace and tranquility in the border areas before the issues are fully resolved, Wen said.
The two sides also signed a number of cooperative agreements in the fields of economy, culture, environmental protection and media.
Promoting practical cooperation between China and India is the main content of Wen's visit to India. In his speech at the China-India commerce cooperation summit, Wen said the bilateral economic and commercial cooperation is a win-win one with a bright future.
Both sides should dig deep potentials of economic and commercial cooperation, create good investment climates to expand cooperation fields, strengthen exchanges between enterprises and push bilateral cooperation to a larger, wider and higher level, Wen said.
During Wen's visit to India, both sides decided to establish a strategic economic dialogue mechanism and a China-India CEO's forum, to set a new bilateral trade target of 100 billion U.S. dollars by 2015 and to expand cooperation in investment, high technology and energy.
Human and cultural exchange is another focal point of Wen's visit to India. Wen and Singh participated in the activities to mark the 60th anniversary of the establishment of the China-India diplomatic relations.
The two sides declared that the year of 2011 will be the "Year of China-India Exchange," during which each side will invite 500 youth from the other side for a visit.
Wen said people are the foundation of the China-India friendship. Both sides should steadily promote mutual understanding and friendship between the two peoples, particularly between the young people, to enrich the contents of bilateral relations.
CONSOLIDATING CHINA-PAKISTAN FRIENDSHIP, PRAGMATIC COOPERATION
Yang said that Wen's visit to Pakistan is of great significance in advancing the all-weather strategic partnership of cooperation between China and Pakistan.
During his stay in Pakistan, Wen met with President Asif Ali Zardari,Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani, as well as leaders of the parliament and the main political parties, and top military leaders.
Leaders of the two countries had an in-depth exchange of views on further strengthening and deepening the China-Pakistan strategic partnership of cooperation as well as on major international and regional issues, and they reached broad consensus, Yang said.
A consolidated and deepened all-weather strategic partnership of cooperation between China and Pakistan will serve the common interests of the two countries and peoples, and contribute to peace, stability and development in the region and the world, Wen said.
The Chinese premier urged the two sides to seize the opportunity of the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations next year to promote traditional friendship, deepen practical cooperation, and make the partnership more extensive and productive.
Wen also reaffirmed China's support to Pakistan in its efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and social stability, and to achieve economic independence and sustainable development.
Echoing Wen's remarks on the China-Pakistan ties, the Pakistani side stressed that pursuing friendship with China is the bedrock of Pakistan's foreign policy and national consensus, and Pakistan is ready to work together with China to make their friendship last from generation to generation.
The two sides signed a joint statement, deciding to establish an annual meeting mechanism between leaders, and a foreign ministers' dialogue mechanism, according to Yang.
They also signed a number of documents on bilateral cooperation in economy, energy, finance, culture and other areas.
In July, Pakistan was hit by heavy floods, and now the country is at a critical period of reconstruction.
During his visit, Premier Wen announced a package of aid plans for post-flood reconstruction in Pakistan, saying China would continue to help Pakistan in the post-disaster phase of the floods and would provide resources and technical support for disaster prevention and forecasting technology.
On economic and trade cooperation, Wen stressed the two countries should expand the scale of bilateral trade, promote exchanges between the enterprises of the two sides and raise the level of China-Pakistan economic and trade cooperation.
The two sides also identified infrastructure, energy and agriculture as priority areas of bilateral cooperation.
On the cultural sphere, Wen and his Pakistani counterpart Gilani jointly announced 2011 as the Year of China-Pakistan Friendship.
The two nations will sponsor a series of celebration activities and events to further broaden people-to-people exchanges, and thus promote mutual understanding and friendship.
Yang said Premier Wen's remarks on the China-Pakistan friendship and the cooperation initiatives he proposed during his visit have turned a new page in the China-Pakistan friendship and cooperation.